1827-29: The Beginning of the Great Population Exchange


 In 1827, Russia began in earnest her conquest of the great Muslim Empires—The Ottoman Empire and Iran. In two short wars, Russia defeated first the Persians, then the Ottomans. Russia’s prize was the lands of the Southern Caucasus. Russia’s task was to ensure the tranquility of her new possessions by shaping their populations. In the Tsar’s conquests to the north, Russians and other Slavs had been moved into the new territories, often displacing Turkish-speaking inhabitants. Because of the distance from ethnic Russian lands and, perhaps, a lack of Slavs who could or would move to the Southern Caucasus, the Russians encouraged local Christians, the Armenians, to come into the new Russian territories.

On the “Building” Inscription of the Tsavkisi Church

eng_Ermenileshdirilen gurcu kilseleri_uchun_1

Tsavkisi is located in Didgori region of Tbilisi, on the slope of the south-eastern branch of Trialeti ridge, at the height of 900 m above sea level [Gigineishvili, 1987: 285]. According to the data of 2002 Tsavkisi is inhabited by 1199 permanent residents. [Georgian…2003:203]