Shusha is an administrative district in the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Shusha is an administrative district in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Established in 1930. Abolished and incorporated to Khankendi district (since 1978 Askaran district) in 1963. Re-established as a separate district in 1965. Located in the Karabakh range of Lesser Caucasus. Its area is 290 sq.km, while the population is 26,700 (as of January 1, 2006). Its center is the town of Shusha.
The district includes the town of Shusha, the settlement of Turshsu, the villages of Malibeyli (Malıbəyli), Yukhari Gushchular (Yuxarı Quşçular), Khalfali (Xəlfəli), Dukanlar (Dükanlar), Zamanpeyesi (Zamanpəyəsi), Shushulu (Şüşülü), Mirzalar (Mirzələr), Gaybali (Qaybalı), Lachinlar (Laçınlar), Shirlan (Şırlan), Chaykend (Çaykənd), Pashalar (Paşalar), Mamishlar (Məmişlər), Khanali (Xanalı), Imamgulular (İmamqulular), Jamillar (Cəmillər), Safikhanlar (Səfixanlar), Khanligpeye (Xanlıqpəyə), Allahgulular (Allahqulular), Boyuk Galaderesi (Böyük Qaladərəsi), Kichik Galaderesi (Kiçik Qaladərəsi), Goytala (Göytala), Onverst (Onverst), Zarisli (Zarıslı), Nabilar (Nəbilər), Saribaba (Sarıbaba), Dashalti (Daşaltı), Naghilar (Nağılar), Khudaverdiler (Xudaverdilər).
The area is mountainous. The highest peak is Mt. Boyuk Kirs (2,725 m). Mostly Jurassic and Cretaceous sediments are spread. The district is rich with various types of construction material deposits and mineral water springs (Turshsu, Shirlan). Moderate hot with dry summer and cold climate with dry winter prevail over the most of the area. The average temperature is from 4°C to -1°C in January, from 16°C to 19°C in July. Annual precipitation is 700-800 mm. The Gargar River flows through the area. The most spread soil types are brown mountain-forest, mountain meadow. Higher mountainous areas are covered by subalpine and alpine meadows. Destroyed forests in lower mountainous areas and foothills are replaced by meadows and xerophytes bushes. Animals: bears, wolves, foxes, gray rabbits, deer and others. Birds: partridges, pigeons and others.
Cattle-breeding occupies the major place in Shusha`s economy.
There are 24 secondary schools, 6 extracurricular educational institutions, a medical school, 6 children`s musical and art schools, a cultural-educational college, an agricultural college, a cultural center, 5 museums, an art gallery, a club, a library, a central district hospital, 2 rural hospitals, 11 health stations, a sanitary and epidemiological station, a children’s sanatorium, a first aid station, a city policlinic, a dental clinic in the district.
The district has 248 historical monuments preserved by the state.
Occupied by Armanian military forces on May 8, 1992.
Azerbaijan National Encyclopedia. 25 volumes. Volume Azerbaijan, Baku, 2007, p. 872