The Armenian Church moved to Echmiadzin from Cilicia in XV century. The tsarist Russia wanted to create an enclave of the Christian states in the Caucasus in the nineteenth century. At that time the Georgian kingdom still existed.


In June of 1923 the “Trans-Caucasian District Committee” of Soviet empire demanded from Azerbaijan’s government to solve the issue of autonomy.


During the world war, Russian military power kept any recurrence of the 1905 troubles between Armenians and Azeri Turks from breaking out. However, strife arose once again during the Russian Revolution when Russian power disappeared. The population of the largest city of Azerbaijan, Baku, was made up primarily of Turks, Armenians, and Russians. Because of the highly developed oil industry in Western Transcaucasia, Baku was an industrialized city and had a large class of industrial workers. The effects of the Russian Revolution thus were seen in Baku more than in the rest of the Transcaucasian region. The city was ruled by a revolutionary government (the so-called Baku Commune) in which most power was held by the Dashnak Party and the Bolsheviks.

It cannot be named resettlement, will tell more correctly – reprisal. It, this resettlement, occurred thus. The Armenian Diaspora, having taken advantage of an opportunity when in 1943 three states at the Teheran conference discussed the Soviet and Iranian attitudes, has addressed to V. Molotov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, with the request to resolve resettlement in the USSR the Armenians living in Iran.

“On November 15 starting from 16:15 to 04:30 on November 16, the Armenian armed forces units from the positions in the direction of the Azizli, Zarkand, Ashaghi Shorzha, Dara, Goysu, and Pambak settlements of the Basarkechar district, Chinarli, Mosesgekh, Yukhari Mehrab, Aygepar and Gulali settlements of the Shamshaddin district, as well as Jil settlement of the Chambarak district using various caliber weapons subjected to intensive fire the Azerbaijan Army positions in the direction of the Yellija and Barmagbina settlements of the Kalbajar district, Galakand, Daryurd, Novoivanovka, Garavalilar settlements of the Gadabay district, Aghbulag, Aghdam, Garalar, Gosha, Kokhanabi, Hajally, Alibayli and Asrik Jirdakhan settlements of the Tovuz district, as well as Kohnegishlag settlement of the Aghstafa district, Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan told AZERTAC.

“Military units of the armed forces of Armenia violated ceasefire 30 times throughout the day in various directions of the front, using sniper rifles,” Azerbaijan`s Ministry of Defense said in a statement.